Why the MDC supports the draft constitution
Tuesday, 07 August 2012 15:26
2. There will be an executive President with a limited term of office of a maximum of two 5 year terms. President exercises his power together with Cabinet.
3. There will be dual citizenship for Zimbabweans by birth while those born in Zimbabwe and previously called aliens are now going to be allowed to vote as Zimbabwean citizens.
4. There shall be equal representation of women in all elected institutions and commissions. To ensure gender equality the constitution provides for party lists to be headed by female candidates.
5. All security services are under the authority of the constitution, parliament, President and cabinet. They are not supposed to be partisan and should not campaign for or prejudice any political party. They are supposed to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms.
6. Provides for free and fair elections free from violence. These elections will be held in the last month of the Presidential term.
7. Everything to do with elections ranging from,
a. voter registration
b. voter education
c. maintenance of the voters roll
d. accreditation of observers and monitors
e. the announcement of election results,
should be done by or under the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission.
8. The Constitution provides for an Independent National Prosecuting Authority to be in charge of all national prosecution; as opposed to an Attorney general being in charge of both legal advice to the government as well as prosecuting on behalf of the state.
9. The constitution provides for devolution of power to the provinces. Specifically it provides that a governor will be appointed from a party with the majority of seats in that province.
10. The constitution removes the power of the Minister of Local Government to remove councillors and mayors. Instead councillors and mayors will only be removed in the same way as members of Parliament are removed.
11. All Commanders of the security services as well as all heads of parastatals and state owned institutions shall have a limited term of office. And no serving member of the security services shall serve in a civilian entity except in terms of emergency.
12. In declaring war or deploying Zimbabwean troops, the President has to act with the approval of Parliament.
13. The constitution provides for institutions supporting democracy. These commissions will be appointed with the involvement of parliament. These are:
a. Zimbabwe Electoral Commission
b. Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission
c. Zimbabwe Gender Commission
d. Zimbabwe Media Commission
e. National Peace and Reconciliation Commission
14. There is a Land Commission which will carry out land audits as well as restricting the amount of land that an individual can hold. The constitution also protects the property rights including the rights by people whose land has not yet been acquired.
15. There is an expanded bill of rights which limits the death penalty.
16. The Constitution provides political and labour rights including right to collective bargaining and to collective job action for all employees including public sector employees. Political rights include the right to join, form or participate in the lawful activities of a political party of one’s choice.
17. Allows equal access by all contesting parties to the public media during election campaigns.
18. Traditional leaders are supposed to be apolitical and not to act in any partisan manner. They are not allowed to frustrate the lawful activities of political parties. Chiefs will be appointed in terms of the customs and traditions of their communities.
19. The constitution provides that Parliament will have oversight in respect of all expenditure by government and government related institutions.
20. All indigenous languages are official and equal.